Leonard Rubenstein

Review of Attacks on Health Care Facilities in Six Conflicts of the Past Three Decades

Wednesday, May 2, 2018
This article examines attacks on health care facilities in conflicts in six middle- to high- income countries that have occurred over the past three decades to try and determine if attacks have become more common, and to assess the different methods used to collect data on attacks. The six conflicts reviewed are Yemen (2015-Present), Syria (2011- Present), Iraq (2003–2011), Chechnya (1999–2000), Kosovo (1998–1999), and Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995).

Protecting health care in armed conflict: action towards accountability

Saturday, April 14, 2018
Driven by a deplorable trend of unlawful attacks on health-care facilities and workers in armed conflicts throughout the world, on May 3, 2016, the UN Security Council (UNSC) adopted Resolution 2286 calling for an end to such attacks. The Secretary-General followed with recommendations of concrete measures for implementation. However, unlawful attacks on health care have continued or intensified in many conflicts, notably in Syria. We, academic institutions, civil society, and co-sponsoring Member States, convened a side event during the 72nd UN General Assembly to focus global attention on this issue and the imperative that Resolution 2286 be implemented.

Transforming the WHO 's Role in Advancing the Right to Health in Conflict

Thursday, March 15, 2018
The WHO's commitment to collecting and analyzing data on attacks against health care is a sign of great progress toward holding the perpetrators of the violence accountable. But it is important that this momentum is continued to turn that action into change. In this article Rubenstein discusses the global actions that were taken leading up to the WHO commitment, what are some continuing barriers to accountability, and what are the next steps forward.

Security Council Can Do More to Protect Health Care in Conflict

Tuesday, September 27, 2016
Coalition Chair Leonard Rubenstein recommends the UN Security Council take three immediate actions to protect health workers and services and implement its resolution from May 2016. The Council will hold a briefing on the resolution on September 28. After the recent, horrific attacks in Syria, the credibility of the Council is at stake.

Responding to Assaults on Health Care in the Middle East

Wednesday, July 29, 2015
The conflicts and political crises in the Middle East have brought anguish, suffering, and severe declines in health to people throughout the region. The most catastrophic case by far is Syria, where more than a million people have experienced traumatic injuries, once-rare infectious diseases have returned, chronic disease goes untreated, and the health system has collapsed.